For other ships with the same name, see USS Bonhomme Richard.

USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31) underway, ca. 1956.

History

United States

Name:
USS Bon Homme Richard

Namesake:
USS Bonhomme Richard

Builder:
New York Naval Shipyard

Laid down:
1 February 1943

Launched:
29 April 1944

Commissioned:
26 November 1944

Decommissioned:
9 January 1947

Recommissioned:
15 January 1951

Decommissioned:
15 May 1953

Recommissioned:
6 September 1955

Decommissioned:
2 July 1971

Struck:
20 September 1989

Nickname(s):
“Bonnie Dick”

Honors and
awards:

One battle star for World War II
Five battle stars for the Korean War and the Vietnam War

Fate:
Scrapped in 1992

General characteristics

Class and type:
Essex-class aircraft carrier

Displacement:

As built:
27,100 tons standard
36,380 tons full load

Length:

As built:
820 feet (250 m) waterline
872 feet (266 m) overall

Beam:

As built:
93 feet (28 m) waterline
147 feet 6 inches (45 m) overall

Draft:

As built:
28 feet 5 inches (8.66 m) light
34 feet 2 inches (10.41 m) full load

Propulsion:

As designed:
8 × boilers 565 psi (3,900 kPa) 850 °F (450 °C)
4 × Westinghouse geared steam turbines
4 × shafts
150,000 shp (110 MW)

Speed:
33 knots (61 km/h)

Range:
20,000 nautical miles (37,000 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)

Complement:

As built:
2,600 officers and enlisted

Armament:

As built:
4 × twin 5 inch (127 mm) 38 caliber guns
4 × single 5 inch (127 mm) 38 caliber guns
8 × quadruple 40 mm 56 caliber guns
46 × single 20 mm 78 caliber guns

Armor:

As built:
2.5 to 4 inch (60 to 100 mm) belt
1.5 inch (40 mm) hangar and protectice decks
4 inch (100 mm) bulkheads
1.5 inch (40 mm) STS top and sides of pilot house
2.5 inch (60 mm) top of steering gear

Aircraft carried:

As built:
90–100 aircraft
1 × deck-edge elevator
2 × centerline elevators

USS Bon Homme Richard (CV/CVA-31) was one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers completed during or shortly after World War II for the United States Navy. She was the second US Navy ship to bear the name, the first one being named for John Paul Jones’s famous Revolutionary War frigate by the same name. Jones had named that ship, usually rendered in more correct French as Bonhomme Richard, to honor Benjamin Franklin, the American Commissioner at Paris, whose Poor Richard’s Almanac had been published in France under the tit